Salmon Recovery Grants

Washington State Recreation and Conservation Office

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Grant amount: Up to US $200,000

Next anticipated deadline: May 25, 2019 (Pre proposal)

Later anticipated deadlines: Aug 8, 2019 (Full proposal), Feb 1, 2020 (Letter of inquiry)

Applicant type: Indigenous Group Government Entity Nonprofit

Funding uses: Research, Applied Project / Program

Location of project: Washington

Location of residency: Washington

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  • Lead entities must submit requests for site visits by the 'Letter of Inquiry' deadline.
  • Required project draft application materials are due at least 3 weeks before site visit. Depending on your site visit, the last day for this could be the 'Pre-proposal' deadline.
  • Full applications are due by Full Proposal' deadline.  
Salmon recovery grants are awarded by the Salmon Recovery Funding Board to protect and restore salmon habitat.

The board funds projects that protect existing, high quality habitats for salmon, and that restore degraded habitat to increase overall habitat health and biological productivity. The board also awards grants for feasibility assessments to determine future projects and for other salmon related activities.

Projects may include the actual habitat used by salmon and the land and water that support ecosystem functions and processes important to salmon.

The board believes that projects must be developed using science-based information and local citizen review. Projects must demonstrate, through an evaluation and monitoring process, the capacity to be implemented and sustained effectively to benefit fish. 

Eligible Projects

Acquisition. Includes the purchase of land, access, or other property rights in fee title or less than fee.

Restoration projects assist in the recovery of habitat conditions that have been degraded, damaged, or destroyed.
In-Stream Passage includes activities that provide or improve fish migration upstream and downstream of road crossings, dams, and other in-stream barriers. Passage projects may include replacing barrier culverts with fish passable culverts or bridges, removing barriers (dams, logjams), or constructing fishways.

  • In-Stream Diversion includes activities that protect fish from the withdrawal and return of surface water, such as screening of fish from a water diversion (dam, headgate), the water conveyance system (both gravity and pressurized pump), and the by-pass of fish back to the stream.
  • In-Stream Habitat includes activities that enhance freshwater fish habitat below the ordinary high water mark, such as adding boulders, gravel, or woody materials; relocating a channelized stream to a more natural channel configuration; reconnecting the channel to its floodplain or off-channel habitat; removing bank armor; or removing and controlling nonnative in-stream plants. Work may occur on the channel bed, bank, or floodplain.
  • Riparian Habitat includes freshwater, marine near-shore, and estuarine activities that will improve the riparian habitat outside of the ordinary high water mark or in wetlands, such as planting native vegetation, managing invasive species; or controlling livestock, vehicle, and foot traffic within protected areas.
  • Upland Habitat includes activities that improve habitat important to fish but occur upslope of the riparian or estuarine area. Activities may affect the timing and delivery of water, sediment, and large woody materials to streams; or improve water temperature or quality. Upland habitat projects may include, but are not limited to, upland erosion control, upland plant establishment and management, water conservation, or road decommissioning.
  • Estuarine and Marine Near-shore includes activities includes activities that enhance fish habitat within the shoreline riparian zone or below the mean high water mark, such as work conducted in or adjacent to the intertidal area and in subtidal areas; beach restoration; bulkhead removal; dike modification or removal; native plant establishment; and tidal channel reconstruction. Nearshore assessment projects spanning multiple lead entities are eligible for funding; however, they need to be on each lead entity list, within the target funding allocation for each lead entity, and have a total value that is prorated among lead entities.
Non-capital projects include assessments, project designs, inventories, and studies that do not directly result in an on-the-ground restoration project or property acquisition.

Design-only projects must result in either preliminary design (30 percent design) or final project design.

Combination projects are acquisition projects that include either restoration elements OR assessments and studies.

You can learn more about this opportunity by visiting the funder's website.


  • Who can apply: 
    • Local agencies
    • Special purpose districts, such as port, park and recreation, conservation, and school districts
    • State agencies
    • Native American Tribes
    • Private landowners
    • Nonprofit organizations
    • Regional fisheries enhancement groups
  • A 15 percent match is required. There is no match required for design-only projects.
  • Applicants must demonstrate how their projects address the goals and actions defined in the regional recovery plans or lead entity strategies.
  • Grant caps: None, except for design-only projects, which are limited to $200,000


  • Ineligible Projects
    • Property acquisition through eminent domain
    • Leasing of land
    • Mitigation projects, activities, or funds
    • Monitoring, maintenance, and stewardship as stand-alone projects
    • Effectiveness monitoring costs associated with a project, including purchase of equipment to monitor a Salmon Recovery Funding Board restoration or acquisition project
    • Purchase of buildings or land not essential to the functions or operation and maintenance of the assisted site. Acquired buildings are to be removed from the habitat property
    • Construction of buildings or indoor facilities not essential to the operation and maintenance of the assisted site
    • Capital facilities and public works projects, such as sewer treatment facilities, surface and storm water management systems, and water supply systems
    • Converting from septic to sewage treatment systems
    • Operation or construction of fish hatcheries
    • Net pens, artificial rearing facilities, remote site incubation systems, and supplementation
    • Operation of hydropower facilities
    • Fish harvest and harvest management activities
    • Fishing license buy-back
    • Forest practices (Road Maintenance and Abandonment Plans) covered by the Forest Practices Act or the Forest and Fish Agreement, except when they are on forested lands owned by small private landowners.
    • Lobbying or legislative activities
    • Indirect organizational costs
    • Costs to apply for a Salmon Recovery Funding Board grant
    • Projects identified as mitigation as part of a habitat conservation plan approved by the federal government for incidental take of endangered or threatened species
    • Projects that do not address an important habitat condition or watershed process or focus mainly on supplying a secondary need