USPOULTRY Research Grants

U.S. Poultry and Egg Association (USPOULTRY)


Grant amount: Approximately US $600,000

Next deadline: Nov 1, 2018 2:00pm PDT (Pre proposal)

Later deadlines: Feb 1, 2019 2:00pm PST (Full proposal), May 1, 2019 2:00pm PDT (Pre proposal), Jul 15, 2019 2:00pm PDT (Full proposal)

Applicant type: Graduate Student Postdoctoral Researcher Faculty Government Entity Working Professional College / University

Funding uses: Conference, Research, General Operating Expense

Location of project: United States

Location of residency: United States

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Overview:

The USPOULTRY industry research grants program encompasses all segments of broiler, turkey, and commercial egg operations. Approximately $2.7 million is currently invested in ongoing research. 

The U.S. Poultry & Egg Association is dedicated to the growth, progress, and welfare of the poultry industry and all of its individual and corporate interests. The promotion of problem-related research and the concomitant training of graduate students is high on the association's agenda.

The following list is organized by overall subject area. Items within each list are presented in priority order.

USPOULTRY realizes that new issues are always emerging and that scientists may see the importance of a potential problem that has not been recognized or cited as an industry research need. USPOULTRY invites proposals that address problems outside the industry lists but urges the submitter to provide ample background and justification to explain the need for the research.

Animal Welfare

  • Investigate methods to improve bird welfare during catching, cage unloading and bird movement through to shackling (Including unloading area design).
  • Investigate alternatives to maceration for cull chicks or embyonated eggs.
  • Evaluate methods of mass depopulation, specifically for broilers, turkeys, layers or breeders.
  • Validate quantitative method(s) to evaluate bird welfare. Method may be specific to a particular area of production.
  • Investigate practices to maintain ammonia levels under 25 ppm year round.
  • Develop objective methods of animal welfare comparisons for various housing systems.
  • Define the contribution of genetic selection, incubation, nutrition, and management to leg weakness and skeletal problems and devise strategies to ameliorate these problems.
  • Investigate methods to determine the causes and methods to prevent wing damage in broilers and turkeys.
  • Evaluate the effects of probiotics/feed supplements on gut health.
  • Devise and test improved conveyances and methods for reducing bird stress, injuries and enhancing product quality and public image in live transport.
  • Investigate alternatives to electrical stunning.
  • Evaluate carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, humidity and ammonia sensors to monitor air quality.
  • Develop improved chick delivery methods to lessen chick and employee stress.
  • Develop method to determine sex of embryos prior to hatch.

Breeder Management (Broiler/Turkey)

  • Develop rapid, non-destructive, and quantitative methods for determining egg microbiological quality for routine quality control practices: hatching eggs
  • Develop improved methods for egg management, sanitation and storage to optimize chick quality.
  • Alternative feeding/nutrition management for replacement pullets to replace current feed restriction programs.
  • Determine etiology, epidemiology, prevention, and control measures for mortality of breeder hens and roosters from housing to peak production.
  • Optimal nest requirements for broiler and turkey breeders.
  • Prevention management of early male aggressiveness. Optimizing male body weight profiles and mating ratios.
  • Establish feeding and lighting schedules for pullets/hens and turkey breeder hens for maximum production/hatchability.
  • Determine the pathophysiology, prevention, and control of cyanosis in broiler breeder males.
  • Management of ovary development and prevention of reproductive disorders.
  • Determine cause and prevention of hen diuresis syndrome.

Meat Bird Management

  • Nutrition/Management programs to maximize performance and antibiotic-free production systems.
  • Define and describe the microbiological effects of lay-out time, and interventions that can substitute for layout time (e.g., sanitation practices, litter composting, litter amendments, etc.)
  • Determine influence of spectrum, intensity, and photoperiod for different ages on performance and wellbeing.
  • Compare different brooding methods using energy use, mortality, and growth rate as criteria.
  • Devise improved strategies for migration control in tunnel ventilated broiler housing.
  • Determine causes and prevention of early poult mortality.

Commercial Egg Production

  • Develop rapid, non-destructive, and quantitative methods for determining egg microbiological quality for routine quality control practices in commercial eggs.
  • Devise environmentally acceptable and residue-free systems of fly control.
  • Devise practices to prevent the production of excessively large eggs, especially in molted flocks.

Diseases

  • Determine risk factors, epidemiology, pathogenesis, prevention, and control of the various clostridial diseases of poultry (gangrenous dermatitis, clostridial dermatitis, necrotic enteritis, focal duodenal necrosis, cholangiohepatitis, etc.).
  • Determine optimum shuttle and rotation programs for anticoccidials and coccidiosis vaccines to improve and retain efficacy.
  • Devise improved methods for the diagnosis and control of infectious Laryngotracheitis.
  • Enhanced Gut Health - understanding and improving micro biome, including the mechanism and impact of prebiotics and probiotics; understanding host/pathogen interaction; understanding the role of viruses: develop strategies to manage gut health; improve diagnostics.
  • Determine the risk factors, epidemiology, prevention, of reovirus infection in broilers and meat turkeys.
    • Develop a live vaccine which will provide protection against current reovirus strains.
  • Devise methods for prevention/reduction of pathogenic bacteria colonizing poultry.
  • Develop improved vaccine delivery systems for killed and live vaccines that improve accuracy of delivery, and in the case of killed vaccines, improves worker safety, decreases contamination, and reduces injection site infections.
  • Determine the length of protection generated by killed bacterins, especially autogenous Salmonella bacterins.
  • Develop improved adjuvants for killed vaccines and bacterins to increase immune responses, prolong antibody titers, and decrease tissue reaction.
  • Improve the methods and tools for diagnosis, prevention and control of mycoplasma.
  • Develop improved methods and pharmaceuticals for prevention and control of helminthes and histomoniasis.
  • Determine the causes, risk factors, epidemiology, prevention and control of peritonitis in laying hens.
  • Develop vaccine that will induce protection against all serotypes of IBV.
  • Investigate the causes, prevention and control of so-called Runting and Stunting Syndromes or cystic enteropathies.
  • Determine the pathogenesis, risk factors, prevention, and control of subcutaneous cellulitis ("IP", infectious or inflammatory process) in broilers.
  • Determine the risk factors, epidemiology, prevention, and control of Enterococcus ceoorum infections in roosters and broilers.
  • Devise improved methods for the diagnosis and control of variant strains of infectious Brochitis.
  • Determine the causes, risk factors, epidemiology, prevention, and control of bacterial arthritis and osteomyelitis in breeders, broilers and meat-type turkeys.

Employee Safety Health

  • Industrial Hygiene monitoring and sampling protocols -- identify potential exposures and develop a protocol for determining permissible exposure levels and for determining required frequency and methodology for routine sampling -- including ammonia, chlorine, nuisance dusts, formaldehyde, carbon dioxide and a variety of airborne infectious diseases such as aspergillosis and histoplasmosis.
  • Determine the incidence of repetitive motion disorders in catchers and live hanging workers, and develop strategies to minimize these disorders.

Environmental Management

  • Devise methods for water reuse, conservation and recycling.
  • Determine the impacts of food safety chemicals on wastewater treatment systems and methods to treat/mitigate effects.
  • Define diets and withdrawal strategies to control contamination in processing.
  • Development of carbon footprint for various poultry industry sectors (feed mill, rendering, grow out, hatcheries, and processing plants) - or development of model to calculate carbon footprint for various sectors.
  • Impact of the use of poultry litter as a fertilizer both on soil quality and water quality.
  • Investigate economical and reliable methods and/or systems for reducing pollutants in storm water runoff, particularly fecal coliforms.
  • Evaluate the effectiveness of BMP's to reduce air and water emissions from poultry farms.
  • Evaluate the impact of processing food safety chemical interventions and wastewater treatment systems.
  • Devise methods for odor and ammonia control from poultry production houses via diet manipulation, litter additives, etc.
  • Evaluate the economic efficiency and impact on production by various types of lighting sources.
  • Identify new value added options for DAF skimmings.

Feed Mill Operations

  • Estimate Salmonella and Campylobacter prevalence in poultry feeds and feed ingredients, and significance/role of same in relation to Salmonella and Campylobacter prevalence in finished products.
  • Devise cost-effective ways to improve pellet quality.

Food Safety

  • Determine safe and effective antimicrobial applications to reduce Salmonella and Campylobacter prevalence associated with mechanically deboned poultry, poultry parts, and heat treated (Not-Ready-To-Eat) poultry products, as well as the raw materials used to produce them.
  • Develop rapid methods for detecting foodborne pathogens.
  • Estimate Salmonella and Campylobacter prevalence in poultry feeds and feed ingredients, and significance/role of same in relation to Salmonells and Campylobacter prevalence in finished products.
  • Devise methods for prevention/reduction of pathogenic bacteria of food safety concern colonizing poultry.
  • Develop post-chill handling methods to reduce microbial contamination.
  • Determine the portion of human Salmonella and Campylobacter infections that is scientifically linked to consumption of poultry products.
  • Evaluate effectiveness of carcass dips/sprays in reducing microbial contamination.
  • Validations for interventions: Identifying the critical monitoring parameters for Salmonella.
  • Develop methods for cleaning deep skin Salmonella contamination in poultry carcasses or parts.
  • Develop safe and cost efficient methods for reducing Salmonella contamination in poultry feeds.
  • Define the impact of cleaning catching/hauling equipment on bacterial load on carcasses, especially Salmonella and Campylobacter.
  • Estimate Salmonella and Campylobacter prevalence in poultry feeds, and significance/role of same in relation to Salmonella and Campylobacter prevalence in finished products.
  • Develop methods for prevention and cross contamination and prevention of ingesta contamination leading to elimination of contamination on final product.

Further Processing

  • Devise improved and rapid methods for the detection of metal fragments, bone, and other foreign materials in meat.

Genetics

  • Devise ways to improve the immune response of poultry through genetics, including resistance to colonization by salmonella and campylobacter.
  • Define the contribution of genetic selection to leg weakness and skeletal problems and devise selection strategies to ameliorate these problems.
  • Develop Marek's resistance in chickens through genetics.

Hatchery Management

  • Devise and validate enhanced hatching egg management and operational sanitation methods to improve microbiological quality of hatching eggs and chicks/poults while protecting worker safety.
  • Optimize incubation methods and operational parameters for maximum hatch and chick/poult quality.
  • Develop improved chick delivery methods to lessen chick and employee stress.
  • Devise and validate measures to reduce stress and injuries in automated bird handling systems.
  • Develop Alternative methods to enhance chick quality without the use of antibiotics.

Human Nutrition

  • Compare the nutritional and microbiologic quality of poultry raised using organic and conventional methodologies, as well as consumer perceptions related to both.
  • Compare the nutritional and microbiologic quality of organic and conventional eggs, as well as consumer perceptions related to both.

Live Haul

  • Define the impact of cleaning catching/hauling equipment on bacterial load on carcasses, especially Salmonella and Campylobacter.
  • Devise and test improved conveyances and methods for reducing bird stress, injuries and enhancing product quality and public image in live transport.

Nutrition

  • Define the optimal intestinal microflora for maximizing genetic potential of current broiler and turkey strains.
  • Determine the impact that various ingredient combinations have on the microbial status of the bird.
  • Determine the cost effectiveness of enzyme combinations that maximize energy and/or amino acid utilization from commonly fed feed ingredients.
  • Define diets and withdrawal strategies to control contamination in processing.
  • Determine how to feed meat birds to maximize leg strength.
  • Determine the effects of feed texture on bird performance, feed production/handling, gut microflora status and bird health.
  • Formulating diets for reducing problems associated with broiler breeder obesity causing leg deformity, brittle bone and breakage in cage layers, thus enhancing animal welfare.
  • Define the nutritional factors that limit the use of DDGS in monogastric diets (fiber, available energy, available amino acids, fat stability, mycotoxin concentration impact, gut microflora impact) and devise viable, cost-effective options.
  • Determine the influence of breeder nutrition on chick and poult performance.
  • Determine the energy content of the various corn hybrids currently being fed. Has the TME changed over time?
  • Determine the optimal energy and protein needs of broiler breeders at various stages of production.
  • Post-peak feed reduction programs for broiler breeders.
  • Devise nutrition management programs to support extended lay in laying hens.

Poultry Housing

  • Optimize integrated pest management programs in live production.
  • Evaluate oxygen and ammonia sensors to monitor air quality.

Breeder Replacement Management

  • Develop new vaccination techniques to improve protection and lessen stress on the bird.
  • Determine optimal feeding techniques for weight and uniformity management and welfare (potential alternatives to skip a day feeding programs).
  • Determine optimum photoperiods, light intensity, and associated management factors (e.g., beak trimming) in relation to weight, uniformity, bird welfare and maturity.
  • Determine optimal male weights throughout life for best hatch.

Processing

  • Define the effect of gas stunning on delay in defeathering, chilling, and meat quality in broilers and turkeys.
  • Define the cause of "white striping" in chicken breast meat and determine procedures to reduce its incidence.
  • Determine effects of preslaughter stress on feather release, moisture gain/retention, and muscle tissue quality.
  • Develop methods for prevention of cross contamination and prevention of ingesta contamination leading to elimination of contamination on final product.
  • Determine the actual feasibility of irradiation of poultry meat.

You can learn more about this opportunity by visiting the funder's website.

Eligibility:

  • Funds can be used for graduate students, technicians, research supplies, and work and meeting travel.
  • Up to 15 percent overhead is allowed. 

Ineligibility:

  • Funds cannot be used for professional (faculty or postdoc) salaries or equipment.